Niacinamide, or vitamin B3, is a multifunctional cosmetic active ingredient with excellent anti-ageing and rebalancing properties. Its antioxidant properties and the protection it offers from free radicals make it the ultimate anti-ageing agent, but it also has a moisturising effect on the skin barrier. Vitamin B3 supports the organism in forming the lipids and ceramides essential for ensuring the skin stays protected. An integral protective barrier ensures that the skin loses less liquids and can better withstand the effects caused by damaging external influences.
fermented White Willow extract
The botanical name of White Willow is Salix Alba, and it belongs to the Salicaceae family. Originally from mild climates, it is now commonly found throughout Europe and West and North Africa. This plant has been used therapeutically since ancient times for the properties of its bark, rich in flavonoids, tannins, and salicin. Salicin, more commonly known as salicylic acid, is generally used on the skin for its astringent, toning and sebum-normalising properties.
The acronym AHA stands for Alpha Hydroxy Acids, also known as Fruit Acids. The AHAs are organic acids sourced from fruit, plants or even milk, which have both moisturising and exfoliating effects on our skin. The most well-known AHAs are certainly Glycolic Acid (from sugar cane), lactic acid, citric acid (found in citrus fruits), malic acid (from apples) and tartaric acid (from grapes) but there are many more. They can be used on their own or combined with others, based on the treatment. AHA-based exfoliants have a gentle, yet effective action, removing impurities and promoting skin cell turnover.